Fallopian tubes... Their role as the egg highway
Fallopian tubes, if conceiving naturally, play a very important role in conception! They are the pathway for the egg to travel to the uterus.
Inside of your body you have your vagina, which leads to your cervix which is the opening to your uterus. You c an check your cervix to help determine fertility also. It should be about finger deep and depending on it's firmness, mucus, and openness, you can track fertility. SHOW- soft, high, open, and wet is what you're looking for. It may take a few cycles to tell the difference. Soft will be blood engorged and feel like your lips, whereas hard would feel like your nose. High and low can vary widely, even throughout the course of a day. If your cervix is really high, you may have trouble reaching it. Open and closed is a small difference that you will learn by feeling your cervix over time. The opening is very, very small. And wet- you're looking for EWCM which is egg white cervical mucus. It should be stretchy and clearish white like egg whites.
Anyway, vagina to cervix to uterus, the place where a baby could grow.
On either side of the uterus is a fallopian tube (you have two, generally.) Attached to the fallopian tubes are the ovaries, where the eggs are stored.
During your cycle, your ovary will release an egg- called ovulation. It then travels down the fallopian tube to meet the sperm.
If the sperm meets the egg, called fertilization, the embryo will implant into your thickened uterine wall and begin to grow into a baby.
Otherwise, the uterus lining will shed and that will be what is considered your monthly (ish) period.
So yes, the fallopian tubes are rather important for conception because they allow the egg to travel.
That's why people who don't want kids get their tubes tied (a tubal ligation) so the egg doesn't have a way to meet the sperm.
There are ways to conceive without fallopian tubes, however, such as IUI, which Mom's Expertise has more information on which you can find by searching ini the bar on the top right of the screen.