Tubal ligation vs vasectomy
These two procedures are permanent methods of birth control. Voluntary sterilization is usually considered by people who have decided that their family is complete. It may also be considered to prevent the possibility of a hereditary disease being passed on to children, when a woman's health could be endangered by pregnancy, or when long-term use of contraceptives proved unsuitable or unsatisfactory.
Tubal ligation is the female sterilization operation. In this procedure, the Fallopian tubes, which carry the ripe egg from the ovary to the uterus each month, are cut and sealed off. This makes a woman unable to become pregnant and, therefore, no further birth control precautions are necessary.
A tubal ligation is a very safe procedure; however, with any surgery there is the possibility of infection, bleeding or unusual pain or swelling afterwards. A general anesthetic also carries a very slight risk of complications.
Sterilization by tubal ligation is effective immediately and is almost always 100% effective. There is a remote chance of the tubes reconnecting after surgery, so in the event of a missed period you should contact your doctor.
Your recovery time will vary according to the type of procedure your doctor uses. Laparoscopy usually requires the shortest recovery period. Plan to avoid any heavy activity for several days following your surgery. If you have young children who require lifting, it would be advisable to have help with that for up to a week.
Be sure to return to your doctor for a checkup following surgery and report any signs of fever, bleeding or unusual discomfort to him/her right away.
Vasectomy is the male sterilization operation. In this procedure, the tubes that carry the sperm are cut in order to prevent sperm from reaching the outlet into the penis.
As with any minor surgical procedure, there is the possibility of complications such as infection, bleeding, or unusual pain or swelling afterwards. Careful attention to the doctor's instructions will minimize the chance of such problems. There is no evidence of long-term problems following vasectomy. A vasectomy is almost always 100% effective, but in very rare instances the tubes have been known to rejoin.
Following the vasectomy, sperm continues to be formed in the testicles and passes up the vas deferens to the blocked area. Since they cannot proceed further, the sperm eventually disintegrate. They are absorbed into the local circulation and later excreted as other waste products in the body.